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Mayor de catorce (14) años y menor de dieciocho (18), será sancionado con privación de libertad de dos (2) a seis (6) años) "Corruption of minors" (Article 318) brings charges to those that "corrupt" minors below the age of 18, "through libidinous acts or by any other means, corrupts or contributes to corrupt a person under eighteen (18) years, will incur deprivation of liberty from one (1) to five (5) years." (mediante actos libidinosos o por cualquier otro medio, corrompiera o contribuyera a corromper a una persona menor de dieciocho (18) años, incurrirá en privación de libertad de uno (1) a cinco (5) años). In Brazil, the age of consent is 14, regardless of gender or sexual orientation, with a judicial precedent showing that a close-in-age exception that allows those aged 12 and 13 to engage in sexual activity with partners who are 5 years older or less is legal, although not legally formalized.is equivalent to statutory rape and is legally defined by Article 217-A of the Brazilian Penal Code (see text here in Portuguese) as the "rape of a vulnerable person", with a penalty of 8 to 15 years in prison., according to the Code of Minors (Article 244-A), as well as according to the Penal Code, Articles 218-B, 227, 230, 231 and 231-A.In March 2005, the crime of seduction of minors (Article 217 of the then Penal Code) was abolished by the Brazilian Congress.It was applicable only when the victim was a virgin woman between 14 and 18.Penal Code, Article 120 combined with Article 119, 1st and 3rd paragraphs).
In South America, the only country where male same-sex sexual conduct is illegal is Guyana, and the only countries with a higher age of consent for same-sex sexual relations than opposite-sex ones are Chile and Paraguay.In August 2009, the crime of corruption of minors (former Article 218 of the Penal Code) referring to consensual acts with adolescents aged 14 to 17 without parental consent was abolished by Law 12.015/2009.The crime was replaced with a new one under the same name but now applicable to sexual acts with minors below 14, however prosecuteable no longer by legal guardians but by the State (according to the new Article 225 of the Penal Code).Penalties are aggravated in three situations: , per Article 308 Bis, Violación Infantes, Niña, Niño y Adolescentes, which punishes rape (violacion) of children under 14, "even without the use of force or intimidation and when consent is alleged" (así no haya uso de la fuerza o intimidación y se alegue consentimiento).There is a close in age exemption of three years for adolescents of ages 12 and older, "Consensual relations between adolescents over twelve years of age are exempt from this sanction, provided there is no age difference greater than three (3) years" (Quedan exentas de esta sanción las relaciones consensuadas entre adolescentes mayores de doce años, siempre que no exista diferencia de edad mayor de tres (3) años). 309), which is applied by carnal access, through seduction or deceit, with adolescents between ages of 14 and 18 years old (mediante seducción o engaño, tuviera acceso carnal con persona de uno u otro sexo. 53) allows marriage if the male is 16 years or older and if the female is 14 years or older with parental approval; in case there is a dispute, the judge will decide.